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1 Transgender individuals frequently take hormones to achieve feminizing or masculinizing effects.
2 Masculinizing surgery for completely virilized genetic females with CAH is even rarer.
3 Androgen refers to masculinizing hormones testosterone, androstenedione and DHEA.
4 Successful masculinizing genitoplasty performed on individuals with grade 3 PAIS often requires multiple surgeries.
5 The outcome of masculinizing genitoplasty is dependent on the amount of erectile tissue and the extent of hypospadias.
6 Elevated testosterone levels can lower levels of HDL (or "good") cholesterol and can have masculinizing effects on women.
7 Ainsworth reviews that treatment with auxin and ethylene have feminizing effects, and that treatment with cytokinins and gibberellins have masculinizing effects.
8 Um.. you know–that... when you're in a large teaching hospital and you're an intersex person, unless your parents protect you, you're going to have some kind of surgery–you're going to have either phalloplasty and masculinizing surgery, or at least this was true at the Psychohormonal Reseach Unit where I was.
9 Nancy : But with this virilizing or possibly masculinizing hormone that your mother was given to prevent a spontaneous abortion, I guess?
10 The anabolic steroids used by athletes to build muscle mass, reduce fat, and improve performance are synthetic derivatives of T, designed to maximize protein synthesis and minimize masculinizing effects, however virilization by anabolic steroids is never wholly eliminated (Kochakian 1993).
11 Beside its androgenic ( masculinizing ) effects, T also has anabolic (protein tissue building) qualities that have therapeutic value (Bhasin et al. 1996).
12 Testosterone belongs to a class of hormones that have masculinizing actions called androgens and estradiol belongs to a class of hormones called estrogens.
13 This is most important for patients whose intimate partners are pregnant or those who are parents of young children as both of these groups are more vulnerable to the masculinizing effects of androgens.
14 Women who are XY report identifying as a woman–feeling and thinking like a woman–and, where their biology is completely insensitive to masculinizing factors, externally they look identical to other women.
15 There are studies concerning women who have a diagnosis called congenital adrenal hyperplasia , which leads to the overproduction of masculinizing sex hormones , androgens . These women usually have normal female appearances (though nearly all girls with CAH have corrective surgery performed on their genitals) but despite of hormone-balancing medication that they are given since birth, they are statistically more likely to be interested in activities traditionally linked to males than females.
16 Mainstream feminism's insistence on gender equality and abortion rights was seen by the pro-life feminists as having an undesirable masculinizing influence on womanhood, forcing women to be like men in order to succeed in a society dominated by men.
17 Successful feminizing genitoplasty performed on individuals with grade 3 PAIS often requires multiple surgeries, although more surgeries are typically required for successful masculinizing genitoplasty in this population.
18 Masculinizing reconstructive surgery continued on boys with severe hypospadias and the other conditions outlined above, with continued modifications and refinements intended to reduce unsatisfactory outcomes.
19 Genital reconstructive surgery can be divided into masculinizing surgical procedures intended to make the genitalia more like those of typical males, and feminizing surgical procedures intended to make the genitalia more like those of typical females.
20 Specifically, endocrine disruptors may be associated with the development of learning disabilities, severe attention deficit disorder, cognitive and brain development problems; deformations of the body (including limbs); breast cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid and other cancers; sexual development problems such as feminizing of males or masculinizing effects on females, etc. The critical period of development for most organisms is between the transition from a fertilized egg into a fully formed infant.
21 High levels of masculinizing hormones: The most common signs are acne and hirsutism (male pattern of hair growth), but it may produce hypermenorrhea (heavy and prolonged menstrual periods), androgenic alopecia (increase hair thinning or diffuse hair loss), or other symptoms.
22 In humans, the masculinizing effects of prenatal androgens on behavior (and other tissues, with the possible exception of effects on bone) appear to act exclusively through the androgen receptor.
23 In rodents, estrogens (which are locally aromatized from androgens in the brain) play an important role in psychosexual differentiation, for example, by masculinizing territorial behavior; the same is not true in humans.
24 For example, use of anabolic steroids by bodybuilders and other athletes can result in significant enlargement of the clitoris in concert with other masculinizing effects on their bodies.
25 The male hormone testosterone doesn't work in ways that had been assumed when it comes to masculinizing the brain during development and making males behave a certain way when they're adults, researchers found.
26 AndrosteDERM is generally not recommended for woman as the androgenic effects and elevations in testosterone levels may resulting in the masculinizing effects of acne, hair growth , abnormal menstrual cycles etc. But with careful monitoring of signs of excess testosterone, AndrosteDERM and testosterone can be safely and effectively used in woman.
27 Steroids can have androgenic effects, which include masculinizing effects like deepening of the voice, increased facial hair, and initial enlargement of some male sex glands.
28 It has been observed to exert a masculinizing /defeminizing effect on the developing brain of the fetus.
29 Masculinizing surgical procedures